Midterm.docx - Jonathan swift Satirist Quotes o Satire is a sort of glass wherein beholders do generally discover every bodys face but their own which

Midterm.docx - Jonathan swift Satirist Quotes o Satire is a...

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Jonathan swift:SatiristQuoteso“Satire is a sort of glass wherein beholders do generally discover every body’s face but their own; which is the chief reason for that kind reception it meets with in the world, and that so very few are offended with it” o“…these establishments were not only places to eat and drink: one could see scientific experiments there, debate politics, attend lectures on religion…”“coffee houses helped to move the weight of political authority from the old aristocracy into the hands of the urban middle class”Became a place where people can truly be themselves and express their ideas freelyGulliver’s Travels – Jonathan SwiftBurg = a fortified or walled town in early or medieval Europe oBURG > Bourgeoisie (middle class)Land of the Houyhnhnms as a utopiaoUtopia = no-place-land and good-place-land o“…the behavior of these animals was so orderly and rational, so acute and judicious” o“the perfection of nature”o“in the contemplation and practice of every virtue; where I could have no exampleor incitement to vice”Criticize England and western Europeo“…so horrible was the idea I conceived of returning to live in the society and under the government of Yahoos” fits into utopia toooThe absurdity of war:“…difference in opinions hath cost many millions of lives…what is the best color for a coat…etc…neither are any wars so furious and bloody or of so long continuance, as those occasioned by difference in opinion, especially if it be in things indifferent”oMoney:“our yahoos thought they could never have enough of it to spend or to save, as they found themselves inclined from their natural bent either to profusion or avarice”oNobility: “They marry some woman of mean birth, disagreeable person, and unsound constitution, merely for the sake of money, whom they hate and despise” fits into money tooQuestioning the rationality of the human being
o“to return from this digression; when I asserted that the Yahoos were the only governing animals in my country, which my master said was altogether past his conception, he desired to know, whether we had Houyhnhnms among us, and what their employment…” – turning the world upside downUtopias function as critiques of actual realityWhat is the Enlightenment? – Denis DiderotCritical thinking:oLegacy of enlightenmentoTramples on prejudice, tradition, conventional wisdom, authority, etc.oReasonEnlightenment:oReligion - deists(existence of a god on the evidence of reason and nature)“most criticism was thus directed at religious institutions and sought to enable humanity to assume control of its own destiny”“no longer would the authority from the past direct the lives of men, but their future plans would do so. Criticism concerned the structure of societyand not the content of its beliefs; it was the Church and not faith which was under attack”oScience

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