CLCS 1102Wednesday, April 13, 2016Jorge Luis BorgesThe Garden of Forking Paths
Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986)“Jorge Luis Borges was an Argentine writer whose tales of fantasy and dream worlds are classics of the 20th-century world literature. Best-known in the English speaking world for his short stories and fictive essays, Borges was also a poet, critic, translator and man of letters. Most of Borges's tales embrace universal themes - the often-recurring circular labyrinth can be seen as a metaphor of life or a riddle whose theme is time.”?option=com_content&task=view&id=171&Itemid=42
Jorge Luis Borges “He influenced a few Latin American “magical realists”by his characteristic style known by blended fact and fiction, mythical elements, and a vague feeling of surrealistic authenticity. For his work he won 46 national and international literary prizes, including the Prix Formentor he shared with Samuel Beckett in 1961, and World Fantasy Lifetime Achievement in 1979.”?option=com_content&task=view&id=171&Itemid=42
Jorge Luis Borges Argentinean short story writer and essayist.His parents were both immensely interested in literature: His father tried to write himself . His mother was an avid translator (working on Faulkner, Kafka and Lawrence)His family moved to Switzerland in 1914 where he went to school in Geneva
Jorge Luis Borges He came into contact with the European artists’ scene.In 1921, upon his return to Argentina he founded the Argentinian “ultraismo” movement.He described himself as a classical liberalist.
Jorge Luis Borges His major works include:The Library of Babel (1941)‘The Garden of Forking Paths’ (1941)Ficciones(1944)The Aleph (1949)His work is frequently placed in the fantasy genre, but he was fascinated with issues of:TimeInfinityMirrorslabyrinths
The Ultraist Movement When Borges was in Spain, he came into contact with the Spanish Ultraist Movement.Similar to Futurism / Dadaism and Surrealism.
Surrealism André Breton, Manifestoes of Surrealism, 1924SURREALISM, n.Psychic automatism in its pure state, by which one proposes to express--verbally, by means of the written word, or in any other manner--the actual functioning of thought. Dictated by the thought, in the absence of any control exercised by reason, exempt from any aesthetic or moral concern.ENCYCLOPEDIA. Philosophy.Surrealism is based on the belief in the superior reality of certain forms of previously neglected associations, in the omnipotence of dream, in the disinterested play of thought. It tends to ruin once and for all all other psychic mechanisms and to substitute itself for them in solving all the principal problems of life. The following have performed acts of ABSOLUTE SURREALISM: Messrs. Aragon, Baron, Boiffard, Breton, Carrive, Crevel, Delteil, Desnos, Eluard, Gérard, Limbour, Malkine, Morise, Naville, Noll, Péret, Picon, Soupault, Vitrac
The Ultraist Movement Borges describes the goals of ultraísmo as followsReduction of the lyric element to its primordial element, metaphorDeletion of useless middle sentences, linking particles and adjectives.