Sacco and Vanzetti Affected by WWI.docx - Lauren Jubitz Mrs...

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Lauren JubitzMrs. TaylorCause and EffectNovember 25, 2016Sacco and Vanzetti: Affecting Stereotypes In 1921 there was a trial that not many people know about still to this day, however the interesting part is that the trial affected the way a group of people were treated. The two men were accused of a crime that some believe they did not commit, but due to the fast arising affectsof nativism, their trial was unfair which ultimately led to their execution and the way Italians were treated.The whole trial starts like this: Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, two Italian immigrants, were accused of “robbery and murder at the Slater and Morrill shoe factory in SouthBraintree” (Courts “Sacco and Vanzetti: Justice on trial”). Different groups such as the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) were on the side of Sacco and Vanzetti. The IWW stood for “pay increases, shortened hours, and safer working conditions… welcoming all working people - including immigrants” (“Industrial Workers of the World”). The IWW spent time urgently trying to help Sacco and Vanzetti’s case in any way, most likely because Sacco and Vanzetti were immigrant workers whose rights, in the minds of the IWW, were being encroached upon. For example, when the IWW called the Colorado coal industry to protest the execution of Sacco and Vanzetti, “10,000 miners went out in all sections of the state, virtually closing down the industry”(Murfin, “Blood on the Coal: Colorado Strike of 1927”). Now at this point in history it is important to remember the effect nativism had and just exactly what it was. By definition, nativism is a policy put in place to protect or favor the "native-born" in a certain country. Really
nativism is just a nice way of saying that if you weren't born in this country, you do not have the same rights as the rest of those who were lucky enough to be born in this country, or in other words, racism. So when crimes were committed, for example a double homicide and robbery, crimes would quite often be pinned on those who the general public already looked down on, in this particular instance, it happened to be Sacco and Vanzetti. But besides the effect that the IWW had on the actual court ruling the evidence, however faulty it was, did play a role in convincing the jury to sentence Sacco and Vanzetti to execution by the electric chair.Sacco and Vanzetti were accused “a payroll robbery...in which a paymaster -Frank Parmenter- and his guard -Alex Berardelli- were shot and killed” (Murder in South Braintree). The prosecutors had three main categories of evidence around which their argument was built. First, the “eyewitness identification of Sacco and Vanzetti at the scene”(Davidson and Lytle, 231). Second, the “expert ballistics testimony establishing Sacco’s gun as the weapon that fired the fatal shot at Berardelli and Vanzetti’s gun as one taken from Berardelli during the robbery”(Davidson and Lytle, 231). Thirdly, “the defendant's’ evasive behavior both before and

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