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SPICE ChartCh 18 States and societies of Sub-Saharan Africa
Social•Most African states had a kin-based society•Village council took care of everyday issues, a chief from the council would lead affairs and settle disputes•Some societies grew into kingdoms, empires and city-states•No private property, typical gender roles (men with heavy labor, women domestic chores) •Women did have other positions like merchants and often had higher authority than other post-classical regions•Age-set jobs, formed tight bonds with people
Political•Smaller regions based on family ties but regions grew•West Africa (sub-Sahara)- Ghana, Mali, Songhay•Kingdom of Congo near rainforest•Axum in Ethiopia•Big cities- Timbuktu, Kilwa ,Great Zimbabwe•Sundiata founded Mali, Mansa Musa promoted Islam and trade through his pilgrimage to Mecca•Some powerful chiefs overrode kinship networks and imposed authority with military back up (Ife and Benin)