Sociology Midterm Study Guide (Powerpoint Notes).docx - Sociology Midterm Study Guide Powerpoint Notes CHAPTER ONE-In Tell Them Who I Am The Lives of

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Sociology Midterm Study Guide – Powerpoint Notes CHAPTER ONE -In Tell Them Who I Am: The Lives of Homeless Women , professor and sociologist Elliot Liebow gives a voice to the homeless women he encounters; the homeless are no longer anonymous people on the street corner; they now have names and faces - sociology is a science guided by the basic understanding that “the social matters: our lives are affected not only by our individual characteristics but by our place in the social world” (ASA) - sociological imagination is the ability to look beyond the individual as the cause for success and failure and see how one’s society influences the outcome -developing a sociological imagination helps you understand your place in the complex world -C. Wright Mills observed that people must understand how outside forces contribute to their situation – both the history and biography of a situation to generate this imagination -most of us see issues through our own biography or the micro or small scale perspective, however the macro or large scale perspective is also important - Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) in his book Suicide proposed that two forces determine whether a person will take his or her own life - solidarity refers to the level of connectedness and integration a person feels to others in the environment - social control refers to the social mechanisms that regulate a person’s actions -types of suicide: - egoistic suicides are suicides that result from a lack of solidarity; examples include mentally ill, lonely, social outcasts; motivation is depression - altruistic suicides are suicides that occur when the level of solidarity is exceptionally high; examples include kamikaze pilots, suicide bombers, cult members; motivation is obligation to the group - fatalistic suicides are suicides that result from a lack of social control; examples include inmates, elderly, terminally ill; motivation is hopelessness - anomic suicides are suicides that occur as a result of social unrest; examples include anyone who cannot deal with chaos, such as the Stock Market Crash of 1929; motivation is insecurity -social factors often influence our personal choices, even suicide -factors such as time of year profession, and age all predict the likelihood of suicide -suicide rates are lowest in winter and highest in spring -police officers have a higher than average rate of suicide -generally the risk of suicide increases with age – mean over 65 have the highest rate of suicide -three major paradigms -a paradigm refers to a theoretical framework through which scientists study the world - functionalism is a theoretical paradigm that defines society as a system of interrelated parts - conflict theory is a theoretical framework that views society as an unequal system that brings conflict and change - symbolic interactionism is a theoretical framework that focuses on how people interact with others in their everyday lives - comparing the theoretical paradigms -functionalism (macro) -What keeps society functioning smoothly?

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