Developmental Psychology 9-25-07

Developmental Psychology 9-25-07 - Developmental Psychology...

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Developmental Psychology The branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive and social change throughout the life span Neonatal period Birth to fourth week of life Infancy Four weeks to one year Childhood One Year to Puberty Adolescence Puberty to Adulthood Adulthood Adolescence to old age Senescence Old age to death Physical Development Younger animals have: o Larger head to body ratios o Larger eye to head ratios o More rounded features Sensory development – Visual cliff Cognitive Development Jean Piaget’s stages of cognitive development
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Cognition All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating Schema A concept or framework that organizes and interprets information Assimilation Interpreting one’s new experience in terms of one’s existing schemas Accommodation Adapting one’s current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new information Sensorimotor Period Birth -2 Infant experiences the world through senses and action Object permanence Stranger anxiety Play = primacy of assimilation over accommodation Imitation = primacy of accommodation over assimilation Sensorimotor Intelligence = balance between assimilation and accommodation Object permanence Social Development Stranger anxiety o Fear of strangers that infants commonly display o Beginning by about 8 months of age
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Attachment An emotional tie with another person Shown in young children by their seeking closeness to the caregiver and displaying distress on separation. Preoperational stage
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Jackson during the Fall '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Developmental Psychology 9-25-07 - Developmental Psychology...

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