Defining and Determining Intelligence Landreth 1Defining and Determining IntelligenceSean LandrethProf. Georgeann WillisGeneral Psychology 202
Defining and Determining Intelligence Landreth 2Defining and Determining IntelligenceIntelligence, in short, is one’s intellectual ability to gain knowledge, learn and process newer information, to problem solve, etc. At length, however, it varies greatly. Determining and measuring intelligence may sound manageable on paper but in practice it’s a much more complicated issue because each definition is different. There are multiple psychological approaches that try to explain this concept but it is mostly a widely debated subject, with some theories being constantly refuted while others tend to exclude or forget other factors that contribute to one’s intellectual functioning. The two theories that will be discussed in this paper are the works of Howard Gardner and Raymond Cattell, two psychologists who had differing ideas of what measuring intelligence would look like. One of which had a very straightforward but broad outlook, while the other had multiple yet reasonably connected suggested factors that are all responsible in one way or another.