russian midterm

Russian midterm - 1Alison Smith October 10,2008 Russian Tuesday Thursday 11-11:50 Recitation Friday 10 AM Question Three The Intent and Actual

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1Alison Smith October 10,2008 Russian Tuesday- Thursday 11-11:50 Recitation: Friday, 10 AM Question Three: The Intent and Actual Changes Made by Russian Reforms From Peter the Great to Alexander II, huge reforms were made in domestic, martial, and government policy. However, these reforms were not destined to live long or do much. This is because they were often slowed down by the nobility or reversed by subsequent rulers. If the reforms were allowed to pass and remained, then the purpose of the reform was not to advance the country as an obligation to the people, but to keep the ruling class on top and keep the Monarchy in charge. The first of the great reformers of Russia would probably be considered to be Peter the Great. Peter took great steps forward to modernize Russia and managed to make Russia one of the leading powers (Trueman). For all the good that Peter the Great did, it would seem that the good of the people was not his ultimate goal, it was the good of the country as a whole, and also for his own power. However, what was good for him was also good for his people. A stronger economy with more wealthy land owners would mean that more taxes could be collected from the people. A stronger army would create a greater defense for the country and allow it to also make offensive movements on its neighbors. Peter the Great firmly believed in royal absolutism, nothing and no one was to challenge his authority (Trueman). Before Peter’s reign, the Church was semi-autonomous, meaning that it
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was nearly self ruling. The church also owned a large amount of land and serfs, making it seem to be a rival of Peter’s power (Trueman). Finally, The Russian church controlled a large amount of wealth that Peter wanted. Therefore, Peter subordinated the church and maintained total power quite easily. The money was put into government spending, such as for the martial reforms taking place, and Peter’s authority was still unchallenged. Peter also reformed the educational system in order to create a more able and modern army. He set up schools for math and science that would in the end create a more educated service man. The army was also enlarged and made a profession, meaning that the men were better trained and equipped (Trueman). The army also gained uniformity and good ( Russian) leadership, which it did not have previously (Trueman). However, these military reforms were
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2008 for the course HIST 0301 taught by Professor Karapinka during the Fall '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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Russian midterm - 1Alison Smith October 10,2008 Russian Tuesday Thursday 11-11:50 Recitation Friday 10 AM Question Three The Intent and Actual

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