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Unformatted text preview: Page 1 AP European History Final Review Guide The French Revolution- biggest upheaval of revolutionary age- replaced old regime with modern society- influenced future revolutions- Louis XV = 1715-1774 (ruled) Nobility gained influence and so did ministers. This meant that the nobility had influence on Louis XV and his decision making. Madame de Pompadour very influential to Louis. High court of Paris (Parliament) restored, they approved decrees (laws) King couldnt levy taxes w/o approval from parliament Parliament acted as a represeantative, support from educated. Rene de Maupeou appointed chancellor 1768 Abolished Parliament of Paris and instated a new Parliament of Royal officials. Started taxing again, educated, public was very critical Louis XVI dismissed Maupeou and reinstated the old Parliament. [France in 1789] France was most advanced country and the largest (25 million) Wealthiest country, economy was high, exports larger than England. French culture dominated continent Official educated language, science spread, powerful military. 3 Estates: o 1 st estate: clergy, 1% pop, 20% land, no taxes. o 2 nd estate: nobility, 2-4% pop, 25% land, no taxes, had many manors and could tax the peasants, great rebirth since 1715. o 3 rd estate: everyone else, had ALL the tax, 40% land, had to work for nobles as part of the year, hated 1 st and 2 nd estates, wanted tax relief, government could imprison them without a trial, wanted political and social power with their economic power. Page 2 [Causes of the French Revolution] Break down of old regime Partly influenced by American Revolution Criticism of French government went up because of enlightenment ideas Locke, Rousseau, Montesquieu were influential philosophers Middle class hated government interference in economic issues Criticism went up because of government inefficiency, corruption, and unfair privileges Divine right theory didnt fit anymore No representative assembly in France. Class conflict (3 rd estate had conflict with 1 st and 2 nd estate) France nearly bankrupt at the time of Louis XVI. of the French budget was payin national debt Wars with England Helped with American Revolution Couldnt declare Bankruptsy, no bank or paper currency Only income from taxes, taxes went up but made peasants poor. Inflation between 1730-1780s Businessmen and merchants attacked mercantilist economy Priviliged class wouldnt pay taxes Loius XVI summoned assembly of Notables (1787) to help with tax Nobles refused to listen Parliament, controlled by the nobility, blocked taxation to themselves....
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