Module 1 - The History and Scope of Psychology Module 1 1...

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1 The History and Scope of  Psychology Module 1
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2 The History and Scope of Psychology Psychology’s Roots Prescientific Psychology Psychological Science is Born Psychological Science Develops Contemporary Psychology Psychology’s Big Debate Psychology’s Three Main Levels of  Analysis Psychology’s Subfields
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3 What is psychology? The scientific study of behavior and mental processes “In its attempt to describe and explain human nature, psychological science welcomes hunches…And puts them to the test”
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4 Prescientific psychology Budda- How do sensations and perceptions for ideas? Confucius- Power of Ideas Hebrew Scripture- Mind and emotion linked to the body Greek Philosophers- Debated whether mind was connected to or separate from the body Descartes vs. Locke
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5 Big Questions What is the relationship between mind and body? Are they connected or separate? If separate, how do they communicate? Is knowledge innate or purely accumulated through experience? Is there anyway to resolve these questions?
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6 Foundation of Psychological Science Bacon- The experimental method Locke- mind is a blank slate on which experience writes Bacon and Locke’s ideas contributed to emergence of empericism Empericism- knowledge comes from experience and science should rely on observation and experimentation
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7 Prescientific Psychology Francis Bacon (1561-1626) Bacon was one of the founders of modern science,  especially the experimental method.
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