At the beginning of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln favored a. postponing military action as long as possible. b. making the Civil War about ending slavery. c. long-term enlistments for Union soldiers. d. quick military action to show the folly of secession. e. seizing control of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. D The Union victory at Vicksburg was of major importance for all of the following reasons except a. it reopened the Mississippi River to Northern trade. b. coupled with the victory at Gettysburg, foreign help for the Confederacy was irretrievably lost. c. it helped to quell Northern peace agitation. d. it cut off the supply of cattle and other goods from Texas and Louisiana. e. it was the last major battle of the Civil War. E Lincoln hoped that a Union victory at Bull Run would a. lead to the capture of the Confederate capital at Richmond. b. bring an end to slavery. c. destroy the economy of the South. d. pull the Border states out of the Confederacy. e. All of these A Arrange the following in chronological order: (A) the Battle of Bull Run, (B) the Battle of Gettysburg, (C) Lee's surrender at Appomattox, and (D) the Battle of Antietam. a. B, C, A, D b. D, B, C, A c. C, A, D, B d. A, B, D, C e. A, D, B, C E The South's victory at Bull Run in 1861 a. reduced enlistments in the South's army. b. reduced the number of Confederate deserters. c. demonstrated how difficult Confederate independence would be. d. convinced the South of the need to prepare for a protracted conflict. e. forced Lincoln to flee Washington. A The Union's defeat in battle at Bull Run in 1861 was better than a victory because a. Ulysses S. Grant took command of the army immediately after the setback. b. the defeat caused Northerners to face up to the reality of a long, difficult war.
c. "Stonewall" Jackson was killed. d. it caused Lincoln to declare a war against slavery. e. it allowed European powers the chance to intervene on behalf of the South. B George B. McClellan, commander of the Army of the Potomac, is best described as a. disliked by his own men. b. aggressive. c. overly cautious. d. poorly prepared for military leadership. e. poorly organized. C After assuming command of the Army of the Potomac, General George McClellan made the mistake of a. taking too many risks. b. relying on Lincoln's military judgment. c. being unconcerned about the morale of his troops. d. not drilling his troops enough to prepare them for battle. e. consistently believing that the enemy outnumbered him. E As a result of the Union loss in the Peninsula Campaign a. Lincoln named George McClellan commander of the Union forces. b. the North decided to fight a war of containment. c. Lincoln began to draft the Emancipation Proclamation. d. Lincoln decided that the key to the war was controlling the Mississippi River.
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