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science_and_tech

science_and_tech - Medieval Science and Technology I...

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Medieval Science and Technology I. Science- relied on ancient greek and roman A. The Greek inheritance 1. Aristotle- thoughts on 4 elements of the universe 2. Galen- ancient greek doctor; 4 basic humors, zodiac had influence on body B. Muslim influence- carried greek knowledge to the west 1. Gerbert of Aurillac d. 1003- Eventually became pope sylvester the 2nd. - was a scholar and decided to travel to muslim schools in spain where he stayed for several years to study, (math and astronomy). - discovered a model of solar system and the abacus (calculator) and introduced this as well as other books to europe. - heliocentric theory of the universe 2. Adelard of Bath d. 1150- member of the clergy; translated arabic works into latin. -ended up writing his own book and brought back instruments. C. Scholastic natural philosophy (ex: biology, physics, astronomy) 1. Experimentation- gain knowledge and test theories 2. Oxford- Studied monasticisim and natural pholosophy, if you wanted to be a scientist, you went to oxford D. Robert Grosseteste d. 1253- bishop of lincoln and a scientist, science was eeen
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