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test 3 - Sociology and Social Stratification Social...

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Sociology – 10/7/08 and 10/9/08– Social Stratification Social Stratification - Hierarchical arrangement of large social groups based on control of basic resources -Stratification- Patterns of structural inequality associated w/ membership in these groups -Resources- anything valued in society -Life Chances- extent to which ppl have access to resources Open Stratification system – Boundaries btwn levels are flexible and positions are influenced by acheieved status Closed Stratification system – Boundaries btwn levels are rigid and levels are set by ascribed status. -No system is completely open or closed. Social Mobility - movement of individuals or groups between levels of strat system -Intergenerational mobility- social movement of fam members from one gen to the next -Intragenerational mobility- social movement of individuals w/in own lifetime. Slavery - extreme form of stratification where some ppl are owned by others -In US- Denied rights, considered property, slaves for life, coercion was used Caste System - system of social inequality where ppl’s status is permanently determined at birth based on parents characteristics. Class System - type of stratification based on ownership and ctrl of resources/ occupation Marxian Model of Class Structure-modified -Capitalist class- ppl with inherited fortunes, own corporations, corp execs who ctrl company investments -Managerial Class- managers who may have ctrl over employment practices. -Small business class- small business owners, craftspeople, professionals w/ few employees who do own work -Working class- blue collar workers who do not own the means of production Marxian Criteria for social class - ownership of means of production, employing others, supervising others on the job, being employed by someone else. Weber’s Dimensions for determining class -Wealth-value of all of a persons economic assets: Income, personal property. -Prestige- respect with which person or status is regarded by others -Power- ability of ppl/groups to achieve their goals despite opposition from others. Weber model for class structure -Upper Class- own substantial income producing assets -Upper Middle Class- based on university degrees, authority on job, high income -Middle class- minimum of highschool diploma, ______ -Working class- semiskilled workers in routine, mechanized jobs/pink collar jobs -Working poor- just above or just below poverty line -Underclass- ppl who are poor, seldom employed, caught in longterm deprivation. Weber Multimedia approach to stratification - high, mid, or low level based on wealth, prestige, and power. Wright – Criteria for placement in class structure 1. Own means of production – capitalist class 2. Purchase labor of others (employ ppl) – managerial class 3. Supervise others on job – small business class
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4. Sale of own labor (employed by others) – working class Income- wages, salaries, property Wealth- value of economic assets, including income.
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