L8 - anxiety disorders.f08

L8 - anxiety disorders.f08 - Overview Todays topic start...

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Overview Today’s topic: start anxiety disorders Looking ahead: Next Mon: finish anxiety disorders Next Wed: dissociative and somatoform disorders RR4 due next Wednesday
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Review: etiologies of PTSD Biological theories Behavioral theories Cognitive theories Janoff-Bulman: Shattered assumptions Interpersonal/sociocultural theories
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Treatments for PTSD Behavior therapy: Systematic Exposure to feared stimulus repeatedly and for prolonged periods leads to habituation and extinction Imaginal vs. in-vivo- actual experience New option: virtual reality
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Treatments for PTSD Anxiety management Cognitive therapy Eye-movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy (EMDR)
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Anxiety responses Anxiety- more about apprehension of future than fear Somatic, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral symptoms Difference from fear? Adaptive vs. maladaptive anxiety- out of proportion, persistent, unrealistic. Panic attacks- need at least 4 symptoms + intense, immediate fear reaction. Cued/situational or uncued panic attacks.
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Anxiety disorders, in general General definition and history Excessive anxiety, attempt to ward off/avoid anxiety Prevalence Most prevalent disorder as a class- 30% Impact on society Comorbidity- w/ other anxiety disorders and depression
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Lifetime prevalence (National Comorbidity Survey, 2007) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Panic GAD Phobia OCD PTSD
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Etiologies, in general Behavioral approach : two-stage learning theory of anxiety disorders Classically condittioned to fear something--> negatively reinforced by avoiding it Cognitive approach : faulty appraisals about danger and low coping ability Perceiving unrealistic threats Psychodynamic approach : too much anxiety or rigid defense mechanisms Weak ego-->defense mechanism=avoidance
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This note was uploaded on 11/06/2008 for the course PSYC 360 taught by Professor Borders during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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L8 - anxiety disorders.f08 - Overview Todays topic start...

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