Quotation and Citation Using MLA Guidelines
All in-text citations follow the same pattern:
“text blah blah blah” (Author 123).
—Quotation mark, text, quotation mark, space,
parenthesis, author last name, page number, parenthesis, period.
If the author’s name is contained in the sentence, however, it would be omitted from the
Author said in his wonderful book: “text blah blah blah” (123).
There are two exceptions:
1) If you use a
long quote (more than four lines)
, there are NO quotation marks and the
punctuation goes before the citation (see “Long Quotes”).
2) If the quote ends with something other than a period, keep the punctuation:
teacher asked, “Are you going to pass this paper?” (Rosalez 23).
He said, “I sure am!”
But be careful: if
are asking the question, no punctuation goes inside the
quotation marks and the question mark goes
Do you think students will
“flunk this paper” (Taylor 78)?
Once you have quoted something and cited it, if you use any or all of the same words again,
citation is necessary—quotation marks, however, must still be used.
Proper Punctuation and Formatting for Quoting an Author
Jacob Nuesner says, “When you did not keep appointments, we made new ones” (1).
This simple quote has a comma before the quote, a space, quotation marks, a complete
sentence of the author’s text, another quotation mark, a space, a parenthesis, the page
number, another parenthesis, and a period.
All simple quotes follow this basic pattern.
If the author is not indicated in the sentence, his/her name goes inside the parentheses:
One professor says, “When you did not keep appointments, we made new ones”
Notice that there is NO comma between the author and the page number.
Quote from Other than Author