Terminology Suicide Ideation refers to thoughts of suicide or wanting to take one's own life. Suicide Attempt usually refers to an act focused on causing one's own death that is unsuccessful in causing death. Suicide refers to having intentionally caused one's own death .
What is Suicidal Behavior? The preoccupation or act focused on causing voluntarily death to self. An intent to cause one's death is essential in the definition of suicidal behavior. Suicidal behavior refers to actions taken by one who is considering or preparing to cause his/her own death.
Suicide in the U.S. Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in US One person takes their own life every 15 minutes Approx. 101 Americans commit suicide daily Suicide rates are the highest among adults age 65 and older (Nevid et al) especially among older White Males. On the rise among American’s Youth (Figures from the National Center for Health Statistics)
Suicide = Global Problem • 3 rd leading cause of death among those aged 15-44 years worldwide • 2 nd among those aged 10-24 years worldwide • Increasing among the young, making them the highest risk group in one third of all countries. (Figures from the National Center for Health Statistics)
TEEN SUICIDE Suicidal Ideation Refers to thoughts of suicide of wanting to take one's own life. 14.5 % 9-12 Graders=Seriously considered suicide Suicidal Behavior The ACT or ACTION focused on causing voluntarily death to self. An intent to cause one's death refers to actions taken by one who is considering or preparing to cause his/her own death. 10-14% of individuals that have attempted a non-fatal suicide act will eventually succeed in ending own life. (Blumenthal & Kupfer; 1990). Suicide Attempt Usually refers to an act focused on causing one's own death that is unsuccessful in causing death. 8-25 suicide attempts for each completed suicide Suicide Refers to having intentionally caused one's own death . After accidents and homicide Suicide 3 rd Leading cause of death for 15-to-24- year-olds. 3 rd Leading cause of death for 10-to-14-year-olds. 6 th leading cause of death for 5-to-14-year-olds The Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) & National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
But…Boys are 4 X’s more likely to commit suicide than Girls Girls exhibit Suicidal Ideation twice as often as boys & attempt suicide 3 X’s as often as boys
GENDER DISPARITY Research has suggested that males use more lethal method (firearms, jumping from heights, or hanging). Javdani, et al., (2011): Gender differences/relationships between suicidality and psychopathic tendencies & (a) depressed mood and (b) personality risk factors (i.e., impulsivity and callous–unemotional traits). Impulsive traits contributed to suicide attempts/self-injurious behaviors, more than depression. Depressive symptoms only explained general suicide risk (ideation/plans not behaviors.
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- Fall '11
- Abnormal Psychology