202 Chap 5 Caribbean

202 Chap 5 Caribbean - The Caribbean Sugar Sugar Sugar...

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The Caribbean Sugar Sugar Sugar Sugar (& a bit of piracy!)
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Fig. 5.1: Caribbean physical & political geography Greater Antilles-chain of larger islands to north Lesser Antilles-chain of small islands that curves southward from Puerto Rico towards S America Leeward Islands to N of Lesser Antilles, Windward Islands to S Caymans, Bahamas, Bermuda
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Cutting Sugar Cane Sugar, Molasses, Rum
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Rum distillery
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Fig. 5.16: The Slave Trade, 1451-1870
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Fig. 5.7: Fully tropical climate throughout region allows production of sugar everywhere
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The Caribbean Fully Tropical Climate Hence Sugar, Sugar, Sugar, Sugar Slave Trade 1451-1870--nearly 40% to Brazil, another 40% to Caribbean--all to grow sugar. Of rest, some 16% to Mexican silver Complex Colonial History (includes Belize & Guianas separated from Spanish South America) Lesser Antilles bases for European piracy (British, Dutch, French) against Spanish throughout much of period 1600-1750 Cayman Islands, Bahamas & Turks & Caicos Islands, and Bermuda odd British controlled islands outside main structure of region Ethnically & Linguistically Complex (the Afro-Caribbean)
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Fig. 5.20: Caribbean languages reflect colonial history
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Value of Caribbean Islands to Europe in the 1700s At the Peace of Paris that ended the French and Indian War 1756-63 the British indicated they would remove the French from almost all of Canada (except PQ, then known as Lower Canada) after the French loss of the Battle for Quebec City At the peace talks British offered the French all Canada for the small French sugar island of Martinique in the Lesser Antilles. The French refused!
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The Spanish Lake
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The Spanish Atlantic
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San Juan-gateway to the Caribbean
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Attempts by other European powers to remove Spain from its Caribbean strong-points--Dutch attack on San Juan, 1625
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Attempts by other European powers to remove Spain from its Atlantic strong-points--English attacks on Florida
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Spanish defenses at St. Augustine (start of Atlantic crossing via Gulf Stream)
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Fort Matanzas-the “back door” to St Augustine
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Attempts to by other European powers to dislodge the Spanish from Florida--Charleston SC as an English strongpoint
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Mexican solid silver statues of the popes in the cathedral in Sevilla, Spain
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Aztec and Inca gold altar in the cathedral in Sevilla, Spain
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Spanish power gives way to American: the Spanish- American War of 1898
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2008 for the course GEOG 202 taught by Professor O'reilly during the Spring '07 term at Texas A&M.

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202 Chap 5 Caribbean - The Caribbean Sugar Sugar Sugar...

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