202 Chap 6 Sub Saharan Africa

202 Chap 6 Sub Saharan Africa - Slavery and the three Slave...

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Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) Slavery and the three Slave Trades Late, competitive, destructive Colonialism SA World’s largest supplier of gold & diamonds, Nigeria a major oil state Only these two states really matter Very marginal to modern global economy (10% population, 1% income) The Scourge of AIDS
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Fig 6.1: The Plateau Continent Most ancient and stable of continental masses (hence best site to find ancient humans) Break-up of Gondwanaland caused massive uplift of plateaus East African Rift Valley major tectonic divide Plentiful water, immense mineral wealth (gold, diamonds)
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Fig. 6.9: Environmental Issues
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Environmental Issues Desertification of Sahel. A convincing example of anthropogenic environmental change Plentiful moisture to South along major rivers Need for biomass as fuel causing much deforestation. Although Sub-Saharan Africa has adequate reserves of oil (in Nigeria) it almost all goes for export Ancient soils of region make for poor agricultural productivity
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Fig. 6.6: Climate
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Climate Dry desert or steppe dominates N and S (B prefix) Tropical climates dominate mid-section (A prefix) Note small concentration of C prefix humid subtropical, marine west coast, and Mediterranean climates--all in South Africa (SA) (preferred climates for European settlement-allow decent wine industry) Two areas of “Highland Climates,” where tropical temperatures are ameliorated by altitude--preferred “white settler” regions in colonial period.
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Table 6.1 (3rd edn.): Demographic Indicators
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Table 6.1 (4th edn.): Demographic Indicators
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Fig 6.18: Popu- lation
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Demographics Three main concentrations (West Africa, the Horn, Lake Victoria) Lesser concentration in South Africa Among world’s highest TFRs (14 of 49 states 6 plus, 1 down from 3rd edn.) Nigeria had TFR of 5.7 in 3rd edn & SSA’s largest population (137 million). Has risen to 5.9 and 144.4 million! 8 largest states (above 25 million) have hardly reduced TFRs The scourge of AIDs Reduction of most productive segment of population by AIDS Policies re AIDS counter-productive (CIA plot, refusal to see it as STD, refusal to encourage use of condoms) Demographic catastrophe now seems certain
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Fig. 6.16: Aids
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Fig. 6.25: Lang- uages
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Cultural Issues: Languages 49 countries, most with boundaries imposed in colonial period across pre-existing tribal (national) and language lines (remember that nation equals language or religious group or both) Lingua francas of region are all thus colonial languages, since privileging any given locals language would privilege that nation within a multi-nation state
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6.29:
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2008 for the course GEOG 202 taught by Professor O'reilly during the Spring '07 term at Texas A&M.

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202 Chap 6 Sub Saharan Africa - Slavery and the three Slave...

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