202 Chap 8 Europe

202 Chap 8 Europe - Europe Europe NOT a physical region but...

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Europe Europe NOT a physical region but an intensely cultural construct Long-run importance to history of planet second only to SW Asia/ N Africa Christianity took strongest roots here. Three forms of Christianity diffused out from Europe most successfully Origin point for Catholicism, Protestantism, Agricultural, Industrial & Scientific Revolutions, modern state system, global warfare, Capitalist World-System First Post-Modern Society? Aggressively multi-cultural, unwilling to wage war after a LONG history of world’s most destructive wars, collapsing fertility, exceptional educational levels, strongly Social Democratic
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Fig. 8.1: Europe is NOT a physical region! Europe a “peninsula of peninsulas.” Until 1430s on far western edge of Eurasia Mediterranean united Roman Empire but later divided Islam from Christian Europe Physical boundaries to east make no sense at all (can sort of use Ural Mountains as climatic divide between European Russia & central Siberia)
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Fig. 8.3: Europe ought to be COLD Europe WELL to north, even its relatively warm Mediterranean regions Much of W Europe (Belgium, France, Germany, Holland, Scandinavia, UK etc) as far N as S Canada (London N of Calgary, Alberta) Latitudinal theory of climate promoted by ancient Greeks doesn’t work
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Fig. 8.7: Europe’s climates are mild, west coast variety Europe has three main climatic zones: (1) Mediterranean (Csb) (2) Marine West Coast (kept very warm for latitude by Gulfstream/N Atlantic Drift (NAD)--water & air masses warmed in Gulf of Mexico) (Cfb) (3) Humid Continental (no climatic boundary to east as this region goes past Ural Mts) (Dfa/b) For comparison, Texas Cfa/Bsk! Central Spain small area Bs
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Fig. 8.10: Europe takes environmental problems VERY seriously--hence support for Kyoto Long-term threat of global warming taken very seriously in low-lying Holland, S UK Shift S of NAD (as occurred in Little Ice Age) could cause serious cooling in N. EU Serious pollution of both rivers and coastal waters from industry, human waste Historical air quality problems caused by soft coal burning (until recently worst human caused environmental disaster on planet-- 3,000+ excess deaths in London alone in 1952) Serious problems w/acid rain from industry/autos
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Such large EU cities as London can flood easily. Current solution Thames Barrier
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The Thames Barrier
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Maeslantkering Barrier, Rotterdam
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The Thames near the sea. Low tide on a drowned lowland coast. Large cargo ship on river, recreation, and danger
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(Just for fun)--my candidate for “best pub on the planet”! Previous slide is view from pub.
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Fig. 8.14: Population of Europe
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Population Two axes of (urban) population concentration, one megalopolis Po Valley thru Paris Basin to London S Poland thru Prague, Ruhr Valley, Holland to London European megalopolis (London/Paris/Bonn) Emerging megalopolitan region(s)? Unlikely given
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2008 for the course GEOG 202 taught by Professor O'reilly during the Spring '07 term at Texas A&M.

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202 Chap 8 Europe - Europe Europe NOT a physical region but...

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