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Running head: PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 1 Public Administration Name Institutional Affiliation The Foundations of Public Administration in the United States: The Legal, Managerial and Occupational Levels Introduction Public administration exists within a political environment. Public administration entails implementing what is of interest to the public and prepares civil servants for working in the public service. Public administration is majorly concerned about the organisation of government policies. Public administrators work at all levels of government, both at home and abroad, and they manage nonprofit organisations, associations, and interest groups. Public administration has to be efficient, responsible, and responsive to change for positive growth to occur in a country. The United States being a first world country differs from most geographically, culturally, socially, historically and most importantly economically. Some of these differences can be accounted for by the way it is governed. Its majorly oligarchic which tilts down to its
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 2 local, state and federal governments in charge of public administration. The foundations of public administration in the United States can be divided into legal, managerial and occupational. The legal foundations are those bound by the instruments of the law. When it comes to managerial, the nature of public administration enables the will of the public to be translated into action by the people who run the public bureaucracy system. Public administration includes many occupational fields such as medicine, engineering and economics among others. It is within these fields that the political, legal and managerial aspects of public administration can be transformed by the public administrators into the government. Public administration is studied so as to incorporate other fields in the social, behavioural, and natural sciences like economics, sociology, engineering, medicine and social work. The political definition of public administration- the Public Administration is doing collectively that which cannot be done individually. It is both direct and indirect. Direct is whereby services like mortgage insurance are provided. Indirect is whereby the government pays private contractors to provide goods and services to the citizens. Legal definitions of public administration- Public administration are the law in action which entails the execution of a public law. Public administration is a regulation. That means that the government tells its citizens and businesses what they can and cannot do. It also limits all legal personalities and public officials on how to act and react to a particular situation. Managerial definition of public administration- the Public administration is much of a branch of management that is divided into public and private and nonprofit programs. Public administration in a managerial way is the executive function of a government. The government agencies put into practice the legislative acts that represent the will of the people. Public

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