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Unformatted text preview: I prepared this as a general guide for studying. There are also 3 sample questions, easy, medium and challenging. Below that is a list of what you need to know from the images. No other images will be on the exam, though the concepts they demonstrate may be. Dr. Jasper LEARNING OBJECTIVES Ch 1 List and describe the six kingdoms of living things. Bacteria prokaryotes (no nucleus) Archaea prokaryotes (no nucleus) Protista not a true grouping; made of a lot of taxonomic units (kingdoms) but grouped together for convenience; mostly single-celled organisms; algae, kelps, sargasm Fungi mushroom, mildew, mold from fridge, puff balls, morrels Plantae food from flowers & plants Animalia most are invertebrates Understand the five properties shared by all living things. All living things share certain properties as a result of billions of years of evolution from a common ancestor. 1) Cellular organization all living things are made of cells. 2) Metabolism need energy; take material & convert it into useable energy 3) Homeostasis maintain body; keep internal composition of a cell different from its external medium; steady state; organism keeps correcting itself to reach this state 4) Growth and reproduction getting larger; reproduce sexually or asexually 5) A genetic system based on DNA, which transmits characteristics from parent to offspring in a process called heredity living organisms have RNA (important in duplication of DNA & in making proteins); DNA where msgs are encoded & cause an organism to look the way it does Understand the levels of hierarchical organization of the living world. Cellular level molecular, organelle, cell (smallest living level of organization) Organismal level tissues, organs, organ systems Population level populations (one particular area at a particular time), species, community, ecosystem (community & abiotic factors energy flow, nutrients, water, soil, temperature, other nonliving components) Understand the concepts behind the five major themes used to organize the study of biology in this text: evolution, flow of energy, coevolution, function and structure, homeostasis. 1) Evolution is the change in gene frequency (of a population, not in an individual one person growing is not evolution) over time that may result in a new species....
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- Spring '07