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history test 1 - LEXINGTON AND CONCORD 1 First military...

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L EXINGTON AND C ONCORD 1. First military engagements of the American Revolutionary War 2. Why did the British go to Concord? a. 20 mi west of Boston b. Learned of Concord in April 1775 and that rebel leaders, Adams and Hancock were here 3. Confrontation at Lexington a. 700 men left Boston early in the morning to sneak out and avoid detection to attack Concord b. But they were caught and alarm was spread and the minutemen began to form c. 70 minutemen assembled at Lexington to intercept d. Someone fired a shot (shot heard ‘round the world), British opened fire and killed 8 Americans 4. Confrontation at Concord a. Concord militia ready for them b. Militiamen shot the arriving British redcoats, forcing the British to retreat back to Boston. B UNKER H I LL 1. Siege of Boston a. British retreated to Boston and were under siege b. Minutemen fortified the Bunker Hill to attack Boston and British fleet 2. British Assault a. Full frontal assault on Americans assuming they’d retreat b. But Americans massacred the British but Americans retreated because they ran out of ammo and British captured the hill 3. Significance
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a. Too many were killed on each side b. Both sides were determined to crush the other c. Colonies were declared an open revolt and sent more troops to crush rebellion S ECOND C ONTINENTAL C ONGRESS 1. Delegates from 13 colonies gathered in Philadelphia 2. Voted to raise the Continental Army 3. Sent a petition to the king (Olive Branch Petition) – rejected by King George III 4. Appointed George Washington as commander of the new army a. Most military experience of anyone in the colonies (French-Indian war) b. Congress wanted someone from the southern colonies so as to rally these colonies to their cause and show colonial unity (most fighting happened in New England) c. He became the indispensible man – can’t win without him – brilliant strategist
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