history test 3

history test 3 - FRENCH REVOLUTION 1. In 1789, the French...

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F RENCH R EVOLUTION 1. In 1789, the French Revolution began a. Displeased with monarchy 2. In 1792, became radical a. New government comes to power and abolishes monarchy b. Louis XVI captured, tried for treason, found guilty, executed c. Mary Antoinette and other aristocrats are executed d. Republic is formed and new government promises to liberate all European people 3. Leads to war with most of the other states of Europe a. Most states had monarchs and were afraid of the Revolution 4. In 1799, descended into the military dictatorship of Napoleon Bonaparte a. General who won several victories and became very popular b. Declared he was still fighting for the ideals of the Revolution c. Till 1815, when Napoleon was finally defeated at Waterloo A MERICA AND THE F RENCH R EVOLUTION 1. At first, Americans were happy to see their ideals spreading overseas 2. When Revolution went radical, many people changed opinions and supported Britain 3. The US and French alliance a. Technically, US is supposed to go help the French 4. Washington’s opinion and policy a. Didn’t want to get directly involved in the fighting – neither did Hamilton, Jefferson b. Decided to ignore alliance and declared neutrality 5. Americans divided a. Major political issue about “who did you support?” O PENING THE W EST 1. One of the major goals of the Washington administration was to open the West to settlement 2. Obstacles a. Natives
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i. Ohio river valley ii. Led by Little Turtle – brilliant strategist, commanded many native tribes iii. Washington sent army twice to fight natives – natives won both times iv. General Mad Anthony Wayne – a fighter and a disciplinarian 1. Created an army of 5000 men 2. Spent a year training them 3. Defeated Little Turtle in the battle of Fallen Timber v. Treaty of Greenville 1. Forced natives to give up land and open land for settlement 2. Showed British supporting natives wasn’t a good policy b. British outposts in the northwest i. Sent John Jay to negotiate treaty with Britain – Jay’s Treaty: 1. British agreed to evacuate northwest fort and stop aiding natives 2. Opened West Indies to American merchants a. Before revolution, this was a very popular trade that was blocked by the British b. Upon reopening this, it stimulated economy 3. America agreed to pay pre-war debts ii. Treaty was unpopular, but Washington signed it 1. They didn’t want to pay the debts back 2. Southerners wanted to be compensated for their slaves that had run past the Mason- Dixon line (claiming British stole them) 3. Washington knew this was the best he could get c. Spanish in the south i. Afraid that the “secret” treaty between British and American would threaten Spain’s New Orleans, they decided to negotiate with the US - Pickney’s Treaty: 1. American’s had free navigation on the Mississippi river 2. Gave American’s right to deposit goods in New Orleans 3. Spanish agreed on the border between Florida and the US giving up their claim to the southwest
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history test 3 - FRENCH REVOLUTION 1. In 1789, the French...

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