Running head: ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER PEOPLE WELLBEING 1 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People Wellbeing Student Name: Institution: Couse: Date:
ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER PEOPLE WELLBEING 2 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People Wellbeing Compare and Contrast Personal Racism and Systemic/Institutional Racism Racism is defined as the practice of treating individuals or groups of people as better race than the other and classifying them as either superior or inferior. Racism has existed in the society for a long time in history and it can occur in many ways. Personal and institutional are common forms of racism. Personal racism entails beliefs, attitude and values based on stereotypes or prejudice assumptions about people on the basis of race, colour or ethnicity guide individual in their interaction with each other. It is easy to recognise personal racism as it is mostly overt. However, in some situation, it is covert such as casual racism. On the other hand, systemic racism refers to the policies and practices in institutions aiming to marginalise specific group of people. Institutional racism often covert and produce inequality preventing participation and involvement of such group in institutions or society. In contrast to overt discrimination, the individual intent is not necessary. Both personal and systemic forms of racism have great impacts on Aboriginal and Torres islander people’s health[Dud14]. In the past, Aboriginals and Torres islander people have experienced a repressive law that has served overtly to persecute minor groups. In contemporary world, specific racialized views of people by societies and institutions have disadvantaged aboriginal and Torres islander people. The poor health, low education and low life expectancy are associated with institutional racism. Briefly Discuss the Power Dynamics Associated with the Whiteness of Nursing Whiteness has been institutionalised in health care services. It advantages the white race privilege as it is part of social norm. Whiteness in nursing refers to the white dominance in structure and system of nursing which results in creating a culture of power and control that do
ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER PEOPLE WELLBEING 3 not accept and respect differences. The power and whiteness of Nurses can affect both nurses and clients. It is known that the position of nursing power is usually over the clients, making acknowledgment of this power an initial step towards cultural safety. Pauzan states that this imbalance bower can lead to cultural violence and negatively impacts on client’s health[Dud14]. Compare and Contrast Cultural Safety and Cultural Awareness Training Cultural safety is a concept grew out of a colonial context and was developed by Irihapeti Ramsdan maouri, registered nurse. Cultural safety is defined as the importance of understanding clients’ culture and implementing it into nursing practice in order to provide culturally safe services. In terms of cultural safety, Binang argues that nurses are not required to fully
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- Summer '16
- Vincent Ntheketha