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Rachana KothapalliDivinaEgypt and Mesopotamia DBQSeptember 4, 2015During the period of River valley civilizations, Egypt and Mesopotamia shared many political, economic, and cultural similarities, while also remaining different in several ways throughout the same categories. Economically, both relied on agriculture, bronze and iron metallurgy, and trade with other societies for essential items. Politically, however, Egypt was centralized and Mesopotamia was decentralized, but they both had similarities in a system to govern their people. Finally, their cultural traditions differed due to their gender roles and values.Both Mesopotamia and Egypt has depended on agriculture, metallurgies, and trade, however, they differed in how they have reached being able to get involved in them. Agriculture and trade were a major part of Egypt’s and Mesopotamia’s economy. Mesopotamia and Egypt both relied heavily on agriculture to feed their civilization and even trade with other civilizations.Both civilizations have also developed bronze metallurgy for agricultural and military purposes; strong agriculture and military help to trade and overtake other societies helping their economy with new natural resources and wealth. However, Egypt and Mesopotamia have discovered metallurgies in very different ways. Mesopotamia has developed bronze and iron metallurgy much faster than Egypt, who has not discovered iron metallurgy and was only introduced to bronze metallurgy after Hyksos attacked using bronze weapons. Both Egypt and Mesopotamia