Alcoholism is one of the most influential aspects of popular culture that is often over-
looked as a social behavior.
All too often, one forgets that drinking is a choice and not an
accepted social practice in all individuals lives. Today, alcohol consumption is legal in the
United States and in most parts of the world. It is most often found in every corner, street, bars,
gas stations, and food stores. Alcohol can be anything from a shot of tequila or even a cup of
wine! Many people use alcohol in many social events such as family gatherings, celebrations,
and religion purposes. However, like any other drug, alcohol becomes an issue when it is heavily
Many people nowadays drink alcohol to “relax”, to be sociable in a party or group
gathering, or just for a cheap “high”. Alcohol works in the human body as a depressant, slowing
down the functions of the brain.
The more alcohol is consumed, the more the central nervous
system slows down. According to Webster Dictionary, alcohol is referred to as a drink
containing 95 percent ethanol (Webster Dictionary). Although ethanol is a type of alcohol with
no poisonous effect on the human body, the other 5 percent containing methanol, can be
hazardous. The methanol that is contained in the alcohol breaks down into formaldehydes which
can cause blindness, or even death (AT Bristol).
Fermentation, where ethanol is made, is the process in which yeast breaks down sugar
into alcohol and carbon dioxide. Yeast, tiny single-celled fungi containing special enzymes, are
responsible for this reaction. The reaction begins when the carbon dioxide bubbles exit the
fermenting solution into the air. After the carbon dioxide is in the air, it leaves a mixture of
ethanol and water. If air is present during the process, the yeast will produce ethanoic acid
(Alcohol and You). For a stronger ethanol, a process called distillation, is conducted. Fermented
drinks are “distilled” to create vodka, rum and other spirits. Distillation relies heavily on ethanol