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History of Cognition (student)

History of Cognition (student) - History of the Study of...

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History of the Study of Cognition I. The Ancients Issues : --Mind/Body problem --How is knowledge acquired? (including Nature/Nurture) A. Philosophers Plato : perception not the source of Knowledge (or animals are intelligent) Memory as a wax tablet Aristotle : wrote about memory Emphasized inductive reasoning—derivation of generalizations from observed exemplars Perception the raw material of thought B. Physicians Hippocrates : 4 h________ theory of personality links psychological states to physiological states
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Galen : Linked mental processes to physical causes L_____________ , based on his observations as physician to gladiators II. The Enlightment & Advent of Science Psychology” invented 1520 A. Philosophers Descartes : “Cogito, ergo sum” D_____________ Mechanical-hydraulic theory of human behavior British Empiricists (e.g., Locke): “tabula rasa” & empiricism a________________ Kant : Nativism (precursor to Chomsky)
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B. Scientists Gall : P_________ , linking traits to specific areas of brain ( Localization ) Weber : mathematical laws for sensory experiences ( j.n.d. ) von Helmholtz : ALL mental and neural processes can be explained according to lawlike, physical principles
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III. Modern Times A. Psychological Research Wundt :
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