C121 Task 2.docx - Task 2 A When George Washington was...

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Task 2 A. When George Washington was elected president, it was a unanimous decision by the Electoral College. While he was in office and worked to interpret and abide by the constitution, disagreements began to arise resulting in the emergence of two distinct parities: the Federalists and Antifederalists. The Federalists, led by Alexander Hamilton, supported the Constitution and were for big, strong national government. The Antifederalists, led by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson, were for individual and states’ rights. There were two major events that divided the people and caused the formation of the parties with opposing views. The first was the Whiskey Rebellion. Hamilton decided to start taxing whiskey in an effort to repay the massive war debt. This led to violent protests and the harassing of tax collectors. Washington called up thousands of militiamen to stop the resistance and prove that the government would not stand for this type of rebellion. The antifederalists viewed the tax as an abuse of public power and feared that this was just the beginning of government overstepping its bounds. The second event was the French Revolution. Because of the Treaty of Alliance with France, America was bound to them as an ally indefinitely. Rather than side with France and abide by the treaty, Washington decided to remain neutral, so as to not ruin the relationship with England. This action fueled a greater divide between the parties because the Antifederalists believed the government took a cowardly approach by not backing the French and honoring the treaty. (Norton, 2015) B1 The Second Party System consisted of two parties, the Democrats and the Whigs. One of the biggest differences between the two parties was their view on economics. The Democrats believed in limited government and states’ rights, while the Whigs pushed for a powerful government that was involved in economic and social affairs. The Whigs also supported a strong national bank and paper currency, but the Democrats opposed the national bank and thought it was unconstitutional. The Democrats were for the lower class, working people and supported the expansions west and thought it would open up opportunities for individuals to own land. The Whigs were against the expansion westward because they would rather have the development for businesses happen in their current occupied space. Lastly, the Whigs believed that the wealthy had risen to the top by sheer hard work and determination, but the Democrats disagreed and instead felt that the wealthy had special concessions made for them. (Norton, 2015) B2 The Whigs and Democrats had such expansive range of beliefs in their coalitions because of the different types of people that each party attracted. The Whigs appealed to the evangelical Protestants, and alienated all other religions. Because the Whigs were against westward expansion, they appealed to the slave owners in the Upper South that wanted to protect their businesses from what could be cheaper labor and competition in the west. This belief also
attracted the blacks in New England because they wanted to weaken slavery. The coalition of the

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