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paper notes - BIRTAIN The House of Commons was a soverign...

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BIRTAIN The House of Commons was a soverign body for it was the body that determined who governmed and which laws would be passed. o However lately real power lies with the leadership of the majority party and the unelected bodies that grew during Tory rule Commons has 659 MP’s, but this number changes when country is redistricted o they represent single member districts and are elected in first past post election. o Difference from others they do not have to rep constituencies interests o They also do not have to live in districts The key to the brits politcs is the parliamentary party, as the delegation in the house of commons is known The leader of majority party becomes pm and can count on support The leader of minority party becomes head of shadow cabinet o Members monitor and criticize the actions of their equivalents in gov Backbenches were most politicians start out, which are seats reserved for MP who are not part of the leadership The PM selects the rest of cabinet along with 70 other junior ministers and all but two of these are members of the house of commons(lord chancellor and and the leader of the house of lords) Members of cabinet are governed by the principle of collective responsibility Cabinet introduces all major legislation Talk about voting process Beckbenchers influence is limited for the way the commons is organized. It does not have the kind of committee system in which members and their staffs devolop expertise in a given policy area. Decisions to pass legislation come only after debate and study The House of Lords have duties that give them a good deal of visibility. But they also have no real impact on what government does There are four types of lords and until 1958 they were hereditary peers, but a 1999 law stripped all but 92 form this Law lords seve on britians highest court of appeals However various agreements reached over the centuries have stripped it of the power to do anything more than delay enactment of a bill for a few months In 2001 a new plan was outlined bu the government for a new upper house with about 550 members that would be partially elected by largely appointed Making laws takes up the bulk of the House of Lords time, and Members are involved throughout the process of proposing, revising and amending legislation. Some Bills introduced by the government begin in the Lords to spread the workload between the two Houses. Parliament is an essential part of UK politics. Its main roles are: Examining and challenging the work of the government (scrutiny) Debating and passing all laws (legislation) Enabling the government to raise taxes
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The business of Parliament takes place in two Houses: the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Their work is similar: making laws (legislation), checking the work of the government (scrutiny), and debating current issues. The House of
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paper notes - BIRTAIN The House of Commons was a soverign...

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