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10-31-08 Arch 350 - consisting of reception/audience halls...

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10-31-08 General Terms: Greece- Archaic Period, ca 600-480 BC Persian Empire, 550-330 BC under Darius and Xerxes Building Types: Megaron Tholos Palace Apadana Key Terms: Pronaos Cella/Naos Epinaos Peristyle Peripteral Key Works: Sanctuary of Apollo, Delphi, Greece, ca 600-300 BC Temple of Apollo, 530 BC Temple of Hera II (Poseidon), Paestum, Italy, ca 540 BC Royal Palace, Persepolis, (Iran), 518-460 BC The complex was located on a large stone terrace on a low natural spur, surrounded by a fortified mud-brick wall enclosing the palaces of Darius I and Xerxes, 2 large state halls and treasuries but no temples. This reconstruction shows the heavily fortified palace on a high plaform-
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Unformatted text preview: consisting of reception/audience halls, palaces and a treasury all serving to display symbolic power and the actual booty from conquered nations. The Main Gateway to the complex was decorated with Mesopotamian man/ bull guardian creatures on the gateposts. Images of officials, soldiers and people bring tributes are also found throughout the complex. This elaborate decoration of exterior wall surfaces throughout the complex includes the entry stair to the palaces which is carved in low relief friezes of guards/subjects that seem to be moving in procession thru space....
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