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Unformatted text preview: 11-12-08 ARCH 350 General Terms: Etruscan Supremacy, ca 750-509 BC Expulsion of Etruscan Kings from Rome, 509 BC Building Types: Necropolis - large cemetery or burial place (from Greek nekropolis "city of the dead"). Apart from the occasional application of the word to modern cemeteries outside large towns, the term is chiefly used of burial grounds, often an abandoned city or town, near the sites of the centers of ancient civilizations. Key Terms: Tumulus Tufa volcanic stone construction, soft, can be easily tunneled and exploited. Tuscan Columns Key Works: Necropolis of Banditaccia, Cerveteri, Italy 700-300 BC extensive city including tumulus, rectangular tombs arranged in a fashion. Connecting the dead back to the land. The elite that are awarded different degrees of tomb structure. The technology of the aristocratic families trying to distinguish themselves. Circular tumulus of varying scale. Not unlike the dromos and tholos ideas of Mycenian tombs. Possessed drainage system and street system. Tracks of funeral carts on street. Underground Tomb, Cerveteri, Italy, 300 BC Largest Tomb in Cerveteri, elaborate tomb entrance, with multiple rooms. Multiple burial chambers in replication of wooden construction. Portonaccio/Etruscan Temple, Veii, Italy, 515-490 BC Largely reconstruction based, form of typical temple. The sanctuary was dedicated to Athena. Temple was dedicated to Apollo. Model is a reconstruction based on Vetruvious' plan. Raised temple on platform, like greek temple, sense of deep porch that indicates front side. Axial entrance through staircase. Cella is divided into three main spaces to reflect the triad of greek gods (Athena, Zeus, Apollo). ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2008 for the course ARCH 350 taught by Professor Iarocci during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.
- Fall '08