11-14-08 Arch 350 - 111408Arch350 GeneralTerms...

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11-14-08 Arch 350 General Terms : Republic, 509-27 BC Patricians – Elite class Plebians – Farming class Building Types: Increasing level of status Villa – upper class house located in suburban location Domus – single family city house urban Tenement – insula dense multi unit dwelling Key Terms: Atrium - open central court, from which the enclosed rooms led off, in the type of large ancient Roman house known as a domus. Impluvium - the sunken part of the atrium in a Greek or Roman house (domus). Designed to carry away the rainwater coming through the compluvium of the roof, it is usually made of marble and placed about 30 cm below the floor of the atrium. Cubicula Tablinum - room generally situated on one side of the atrium and opposite to the entrance; it opened in the rear on to the peristyle, with either a large window or only an anteroom or curtain. The walls were richly decorated with fresco pictures, and busts of the family were arranged on pedestals on the two sides of the room.
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