LECTURE ONE - LECTURE ONE STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE...

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LECTURE ONE-JANUARY 14, 2008   STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE   A. WHAT IS STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE? B. MAIN FEATURES C. PIONEERS: 1. AUGUST COMTE 2. HERBERT SPENCER 3. EMILE DURKHEIM 4. TALCOTT PARSONS   D. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION   STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE   A. STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALISM? STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALISM LOOKS AT THE SOCIAL SYSTEM AS AN  INTEGRATED WHOLE. IT SUGGESTS THAT BOTH PARTS AND WHOLE ARE  FUNCTIONAL AND PRODUCE EQUILIBRIUM.  FUNCTIONALITY MAY BE: - INDIVIDUAL- Society fulfills your individual needs - INTERPERSONAL- Relationships, society gives you relationships - SOCIETAL -Educational Institutions, Economy, Politics, etc. B. MAIN FEATURES 1. SOCIETY AS AN INTEGRATED WHOLE-  In a society there is an integration of relationships 2. SYSTEMATIC -Society always has systems, In every society there are certain 
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appropriate ways to do to things, eventually becoming normal.  They can be bad  or good. 3. INDIVIDUALS ARE INDISPENSABLE -For a society to survive you have to  have population and individuals.  If individuals disappear, the society will  disappear.  Ex. There is an island of 5,000 people, something happened and all  of the people died, (earthquake or war, etc) Now there isn’t anyone on the island  so that island is no longer a society.
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