Lecture - Chapter 14 (Personality)

Lecture - Chapter 14 (Personality) - Personality Chapter 14...

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Personality Chapter 14
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Defining Personality Set of behavioral, emotional, and cognitive tendencies Displayed over time Across situations
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Defining Personality Jack and Oskar Identical twins reared apart Nearly identical traits Drastically different worldviews See Table 14.1 (Twin studies) Genes influence responses to the environment Can lead to similar lifestyles: Religion, marriage, # of children, career, hobbies, etc.
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Development of Personality Shared Environment Some influence on personality in childhood Virtually no influence on adults Personality stabilizes ~age 30 Genes plus non-shared environments and learning?
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Trait Theories The “Big Five” or “Five Factor” Model Extraversion Asocial Social Openness to Experience Closed Open Conscientiousness Undependable Dependable Agreeableness Low High Neuroticism Stable Unstable
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An online Big 5 Test (if interested): http://www.outofservice.com/bigfive/
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Self-report, typically true-false or rating scale format. Evaluating Inventories: Reliability Validity Using Personality Inventories in Research Predicting behavior and identifying risk factors Measuring Personality: Inventories
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Historical Perspectives: Freud and the Psychoanalytic Perspective Freud’s Three Structures of Personality QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. The Id : Pleasure Principle The Superego: Internalized right and wrong The Ego: Reality Principle
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Freud’s Psychosexual Stages Oral and Anal Stages (ages 0-3)
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Lecture - Chapter 14 (Personality) - Personality Chapter 14...

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