LECTURE TWOCLASSICAL THEORIES ON SOCIAL INEQUALITY1. EMILE DURKHEIM (1858-1917)A. SOCIAL SOLIDARITY1. MECHANICAL SOLIDARITY-agricultural, smallA. SIMPLE DIVISION OF LABOR-In every society there are people who are assigned different economic responsibilities leading to different roles.B. HOMOGENOUS-people who live in those societies tend to be very close to each other, maybe relatives or extended family, or members of the tribe.C. SIMILARITY OF INDIVIDUALSD. COLLECTIVE CONSCIENCE-Family/group is very importantE. INDIVIDUAL EGO NOT PROMINENT-Individual is not as important, but the family/tribe was.2. ORGANIC SOLIDARITY
A. COMPLEX DIVISION OF LABOR-So many people do so many things. Ex. 300 years ago if you went to a doctor they were responsible for your whole body, now we have specialists for every different part of your body.