Chapter 5-Physical Develop Infancy

Infants, Children, and Adolescents (6th Edition)

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Chapter 5: Physical Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
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Body Growth Changes in Body Size Changes in Muscle-Fat Makeup Changes in Body Proportions Skeletal Growth
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Changes in Body Size and Muscle-Fat Makeup Body grows Birth weight: Gain “baby fat” Slowly gain muscle until adolescence
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Growth Trends Cephalocaudal “Head to Tail” Proximodistal “Near to far”
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Changes in Body Proportions
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Skeletal Growth Skeletal age Epiphyses Fontanels
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Epiphyses of the Bone
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Fontanels
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Brain Development Neurons Synapse Synaptic pruning Glial cells Myelination
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Cerebral Cortex Most complex structure of the brain % of brain weight Lateralization Brain plasticity
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Sensitive Periods in Brain Development Several growth spurts Experience-expectant growth Experience-dependent growth
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Sleep needs decline from to hours a day by age 2. Co-sleeping is becoming
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2008 for the course EDPSY 250 taught by Professor Williams during the Spring '07 term at Ball State.

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Chapter 5-Physical Develop Infancy - Chapter 5: Physical...

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