Chapter 4-Birth and Newborn Baby

Infants, Children, and Adolescents (6th Edition)

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Chapter 4: Birth and the Newborn Baby
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Signs that Labor is Near False labor or Prelabor Lightening -baby’s head drops low into uterus Bloody Show
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Three Stages of Childbirth Dilation and Effacement of the Cervix - Transition - peak contractions Delivery of the Baby - Crowning Birth of the Placenta -5-10 minutes
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Stages of Childbirth
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Appearance of the Newborn Boys tend to be slightly and Head is relative to trunk and legs
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Apgar Scale A ppearance P ulse G rimace A ctivity R espiration
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The Apgar Heart Rate Heart Rate Resp. Effort Resp. Effort (breathing) (breathing) Muscle Muscle Tone Tone Color Color Reflex Reflex Irritability Irritability 0 0 1 1 2 2 Absent Absent Absent Absent Flaccid, Flaccid, limp limp Blue, pale Blue, pale No No response response Grimace Grimace Body pink, Body pink, Ext. blue Ext. blue Weak, Weak, inactive inactive Irregular; Irregular; slow slow Slow Slow (below 100) (below 100) rapid rapid (over 100) (over 100) Good, Good, crying crying Strong, Strong, active active Entirely Entirely pink pink Coughing, Coughing, sneezing sneezing
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Medical Interventions Fetal Monitoring Medication Instrument Delivery Induced Labor Cesarean Delivery
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Unformatted text preview: Birth Complications Cerebral Palsy Anoxia Premature Infants Born 3 or more weeks before full 38 weeks OR Weigh less than 5 lbs at birth Preterm versus Small-for-Date Preterm infants Small-for-date infants Low Birth Weight and Disabilities Environmental Effects Preterm babies are at a higher risk for child abuse The Newborn Babys Capacities Reflexes States Crying Touch Taste/Smell Hearing Vision Reflexes Rooting Sucking Swimming Moro Palmar Grasp Stepping Babinski Eye Blink Newborn States of arousal 5 states of sleep and wakefulness Regular Sleep (Non-REM) Irregular Sleep (REM) Drowsiness Quiet Alertness Waking Activity and Crying Newborn Crying Newborn Sense of Touch Stimulates physical and emotional development Newborn Taste and Smell Born with the ability to communicate their taste preferences Newborn Hearing Sensitive to voices and biologically prepared to learn language Newborn Vision Scan environment and try to track interesting objects...
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2008 for the course EDPSY 250 taught by Professor Williams during the Spring '07 term at Ball State.

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Chapter 4-Birth and Newborn Baby - Birth Complications...

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