Lecture 33-Jail

Lecture 33-Jail - Jail Jail Definition locally operated...

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Unformatted text preview: Jail Jail Definition: locally operated shortterm facilities used to house those: Pending initial hearing, pending arraignment and trial Subsequent to conviction and awaiting sentencing Taken into custody for Probation and parole violations Jail Who have violated conditions of bail/bond who have absconded and are subsequently rearrested Who are temporarily detained and awaiting transfer to appropriate facilities: mentally ill, juveniles, military, federal witnesses (protective custody) Who receive prison sentences federal and state, and are awaiting transfer Jail Receive jail sentences Are serving split sentences...weekend sentences, work release... Jail Most recent data: there are 3365 jails in the US 621,149 inmates Inmates to Employees: 3 to 1 Local govt's spend $10 Billion annually to operate the nation's jails It costs an average of about $14,500 annually to house an inmate in jail 56% pretrial Jail Reputation Jails have been called the "shame of the criminal justice system." Old, poorly funded, staff is often poorly paid and poorly trained... Entry point to the "correctional system" Jail Death in Jail Cause Homicide...................... 03% Suicide.......................... 35% AIDS ............................. 09% Natural Causes............. 42% Other/Not reported...... 11% 100% Jail General Inmate Characteristics: 36% of inmates were not employed at the time of incarceration About 70% of inmates had been on probation or incarcerated in the past About 25% of inmates reported prior psychological treatment/therapy 20% were looking; 16% were not looking Jail About twothirds of inmates are racial/ethnic minorities About 60% of inmates are under age 35 Jail Women in jail: Women were 10% of the local jail inmates in 1996, unchanged from 1989. Fortyeight percent of jailed women reported having been physically or sexually abused sometime prior to admission; 27% had been raped. Jail Other special groups: The young and old are both vulnerable Suicide Risk Factors jail and prison: the view of incarceration as a punishment and disgrace; denial of membership in decent, lawabiding society; loss of control over life; loss of privacy; Jail loss of family and friends; concern over a transfer, appeal, or parole decision; the closed social system of the prison (for example, the "cons" versus the authorities); and an atmosphere of violence, fear and distrust (Correctional Services Canada, 1994; National Task Force, 1987). Jail The characteristics frequently evident in the personal histories of the inmates included: deprived family background typified by abuse and/or criminality; history of violence; distress about a financial problem; a history of psychiatric treatment, hospitalization or outpatient; current physical or mental health problems; and drug and/or alcohol abuse (Correctional Services Canada, 1994; Conacher, 1993; National Task Force, 1987). Jail Inmates are more likely to commit suicide in the relatively early stages of custody, mostly in the first three months, and approximately half of all suicides in prison occur during the first 6 months of the sentence (Task Force on Suicide in Canada, 1994, p. 27). Alcohol and drug use plays a role in suicide... Jail Being placed in isolation or dissociation units has also been shown to increase the risk of suicide. Isolation can increase the likelihood of suicide by altering an inmate's mental state. Inmates are unable to communicate and release their suicidal feelings to others, and this intensifies their feelings. ...
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