10-F_V - Food Science and Nutrition Department. College of...

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1 Food Science and Nutrition Department. College of Pharmacy Universidad Complutense de Madrid.Spain. EUROPE SPAIN FOOD SCIENCE DEPARTMENT : Teaching and research Graduate Programs Pharmacy (Nutrition and dietetics) (37.5 credits) Food Science and Technology (36.5 credits) Human Nutrition and Dietetics (32.5 credits) Postgraduate Programs Pharmaceutical Sciences (Food and Health Speciality)
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2 ! DEFINITIONS ! HISTORY OF SOME FRUITS AND VEGETABLES ! SENSORY ATRIBUTES ! COMPOSITION – NUTRITIVE VALUE ! RIPENING ! STORAGE AND PRESERVATION ! CHANGES DURING COOKING ! ORGANIC AGRICULTURE ! HEALTH ASPECTS OF PLANT FOODS ! CONSUMER TRENDS AND RECOMENDATIONS Animals & fungi are heterotrophic: (“other”- nourished) Plants are autotrophic: " SELF-NOURISHED PHOTOSYNTHESIS Plants have chlorophyll (green pigment found in chloroplasts) which make photosynthesis possible. CO 2 + H 2 0 + light ! sugar + 0 2 Fruit = derived from the ovary; surrounds the seeds Vegetable = other parts of the plant •stem (asparagus, celery) •roots (beets, carrot, radish) •leaves (lettuce, spinach) •flowers (broccoli, artichoke)
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3 FRUIT DEFINITIONS • Oxford Dictionary: Edible product of plant or tree, consisting of seed and its envelope, especially the latter juicy or pulpy.” • Consumer: “Plant products with aromatic flavors, which are either naturally sweet or normally sweetened before eating.” Wil is et al. (1981) • Compare to Botanical: “A plant that contains one or more matured ovaries.” Fig Peduncle Strawberry Receptacle Mangosteen Aril Pomegranate seed Outer layer Of the testa Peach Mesocarp Orange Endodermal Intralocular tissue Grapes Pericarp Tomato Placental intralocular tissue Septum Pineapple Peduncle Pedicel Cashew apple FRUITS Rose Family Pome (apples, pears) Stone/ Drupes (cherry, plum, peach) Berries (black, rasp, strawberries) Squash Family (melons) Citrus (lemon, grapefruit, orange) Miscellaneous (banana, fig, date, kiwi, pineapple) FRUITS FAMILIES Are derived from various parts of plants stem (asparagus, celery) roots (beets, carrot, radish) leaves (lettuce, spinach) flowers (broccoli, artichoke)
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4 VEGETABLES Root Carrots Sugar beet Rábano Daucus carota L. Beta vulgaris L. Raphanus sativus var. alba Bulbs Stems Onions Garlic Puerro Allium cepa L. Allium sativum L. Allium porrum L. Esparragus Celeri Asparagus officinalis L. Apium graveolens L. Leaves Acelga Spinach Letucce Cabbage Beta vulgaris var.Cycla, L. Spinacia oleracea L. Lactuca sativa L. Brassica rubla oleracea L. Flowers Coliflower Artchoque Brassica oleracea L. Cynara scolymus L. Fruits Tomato Pepino Pepper Solanum licopersicum L. Cucumis sativus L. Capsicum annuum L. Part of the plant Name Botanical specie Seeds Peas Maíz Pisum sativum L. Zea mays L. Squash Family (cucumber, pumpkin, squash) Nightshade Family (eggplant, pepper, tomato) Others (avocado, olive) HISTORY OF SOME FRUITS AND VEGETABLES
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5 HUMANS MIGRATIONS Prehistory and Early Civilizations Many of the fruits and vegetables have grown in the wild for thousands of years.
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2009 for the course FST FST 10 taught by Professor Shoemaker during the Spring '09 term at UC Davis.

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10-F_V - Food Science and Nutrition Department. College of...

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