Chapter 8- Earth's Climate

Chapter 8- Earth's Climate - Climate refers to the...

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Climate refers to the statistical properties of the atmosphere and is concerned with the long-term behavior, or expected (typical) conditions. The most widely used climatic classification scheme is the Koeppen system based on world distribution of natural vegetation boundaries and the combinations of monthly mean temperature and precipitation associated with those boundaries.
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Climate types according to Koeppen.
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World map of Koeppen climates.
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The Tropical Climates consist of three groups, each of which is warm year-round. The tropical wet climate has significant rainfall every month of the year, the tropical wet and dry climate has a pronounced dry season, and the monsoonal climate undergoes relative dryness for 1 to 3 months but receives sufficient moisture that vegetation need not be adapted to seasonal drought.
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Tropical Wet (Af) climates have no dry period and precipitation is almost always convectional with strong solar heating of the surface triggering brief but heavy thundershowers in the mid to late afternoon.
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Monsoonal (Am) climates usually occur along tropical, coastal areas subjected to predominant onshore winds that supply warm, moist air to the region throughout most of the year.
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Tropical Wet and Dry (Aw) often occur along the poleward margins of the Tropics and border dry climates on one side and tropical wet climates on the other. They undergo much greater seasonality in precipitation and temperature than do the tropical wet and the monsoonal climates.
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Tropical wet and dry climates are associated with the savanna. This vegetation consists mainly of grasses interspersed with
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Chapter 8- Earth's Climate - Climate refers to the...

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