This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Chapter 6: Social Interaction in Everyday Life Social Structure: A Guide to Everyday Living Social interaction- the process by which people act and react in relation to others Status Status- a social position that a person holds, means “prestige” Status is part of our social identity and helps define our relationship to others Status set- all the statuses a person holds at a given time Change over the life course Ascribed status- social position a person receives at birth or takes on involuntarily later in life Achieved status- a social position a person takes on voluntarily that reflects personal ability and effort Master status-a status that has special importance for social identity, often shaping a person’s entire life Can be negative as well as positive Role Role- behavior expected of someone who holds a particular status A person holds a status and performs a role Role set- introduced by Robert Merton (p.144); a number of roles attached to a single status Role conflict- conflict among the roles connected to two or more statuses Role strain- tension among the roles connected to a single status Role exit- the process by which people disengage from important social roles Helen Rose Fuchs Ebaugh The Social Construction of Reality The social construction of reality- the process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction The Thomas Theorem Situations that are defined as real are real in their consequences Ethno methodology- Harold Garfinkel; the study of the way of people make sense of their everyday surroundings Points out that everyday behavior rests on a number of assumptions People build reality from the surrounding culture D ramaturgical Analysis: The “Presentation of Self” Erving Goffman- sociologist who studied social interaction and explained that people live their lives much like actors performing on a stage Dramaturgical analysis- the study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance Presentation of self- a person’s efforts to create specific impressions in the minds of others Sometimes called impression management Nonverbal communication- communication using body movements, gestures, and facial expressions rather than speech...
View Full Document
- Fall '07
- Sociology, social construction, Social Groups Social, leadership- group leadership