{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Ch 10-11 - Chapter 10 Social Stratification What is Social...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 10: Social Stratification What is Social Stratification? Social stratification- a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy, is based on 4 basic principles: Social stratification is a trait of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences Social stratification carries over from generation to generation Social mobility- a change in position within the social hierarchy Social stratification is universal but variable What is unequal and how unequal it is varies from one society to another Social stratification involves not just inequality but belief as well Caste and Class System Closed systems- caste systems Open systems- class systems Caste System Caste system- social stratification based on ascription, or birth A pure caste system is closed because birth alone determines a person’s entire future, allowing little or no social mobility based on individual effort 4 major castes: Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Sudra Endogamous marriage- a caste system demands people marry others of the same ranking Caste systems are typical of agrarian societies because agriculture demands a lifelong routine of hard work
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
South Africa- system of apartheid, or separation of the races The Class System Class system- social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement Meritocracy- social stratification based on personal merit In a pure meritocracy, social position would depend entirely on a person’s ability and effort Caste societies define merit in terms of loyalty to the system Status consistency- the degree of uniformity in a person’s social standing across various dimensions of social inequality Low status consistency means that it is harder to define people’s social position Caste and Class: The United Kingdom The mix of caste and meritocracy in class systems is well illustrated by the UK Primogeniture- required that all property pass to oldest son or other male relation Another Example: Japan Japan is both the world’s oldest continuously operating monarchy and a modern society where wealth follows individual achievement Classless Societies? The Former Soviet Union Perestroika- restructuring Structural social mobility- a shift in the social position of large numbers of people due more to changes in society itself than to individual efforts China: Emerging Social Class
Image of page 2
Mao Zedong Deng Xiaoping China: a mix of old political hierarchy and a new business hierarchy Social stratification is becoming dynamic Ideology: The Power behind Stratification Ideology- cultural beliefs that justify particular social arrangements, including patterns of inequality A belief-for example, the idea that rich people are smart and poor people are lazy Plato and Marx on Ideology Marx- capitalist law defines the right to own property and ensures that money stays within the same families from one generation to the next
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern