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HISTORY OF VOLLEYBALL - HISTORY OF VOLLEYBALL IN THE WORLD...

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HISTORY OF VOLLEYBALL IN THE WORLD William G. Morgan (1870-1942), who was born in the State of New York, has gone down in history as the inventor of the game volleyball, to which he originally gave the name of “Mintonette”. While serving the role of Director of Physical Education at the YMCA College at Holyoke (Massachusetts) in 1895, Morgan came to realize that he needed a certain type of competitive game in order to vary his programme. Working around the idea of having a raised net and a light ball, Morgan asked two of his friends Frank Wood and John Lynch to draw up the basic concepts and ten rules of the game based on his suggestions. In 1896, a demonstration of the game was held to introduce it during a conference for the YMCA Directors of Physical Education. Seeing the action, or the active phase, of the ball’s flight, the name “Mintonette” was proposed to be changed to “Volley Ball” by Halstead, which was later spelled as one word, “Volleyball” in 1952. The birth of volleyball was complete. Volleyball then blossomed and grew with it being adopted in all the school societies in United States, Canada (in 1900, Canada became the first foreign country to adopt the game), and also in many other countries: China and Japan (1908), Philippines (1910), Burma, India, Mexico, the South American, European and African countries. 1913 assured the development of volleyball on the Asian continent assured as in that year, the game was included on the programme of the Far-Eastern Games, organised in Manila. Until the early thirties, volleyball was for the most part a game of leisure and recreation; there were only few international activities an competitions. 1946 laid the foundation of an international federation. In 1947 , the International Volleyball Federation (Federation Internationale de Volley-Ball: FIVB) was formed through the initiative of the Czeck, Polish and French federations, supported by that of the United States. Delegates of fourteen nations took part in this Volleyball Congress, which was held in Paris. Rules of the game, based on the American regulations, were standardised.
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