chapter2 - Chapter 2 Culture Views of the U.S. from Abroad...

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Chapter 2 Culture
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Views of the U.S. from Abroad
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Defining Culture The complex system of meaning and behavior that defines the way of life for a society. Includes: beliefs, values, knowledge, art, morals, laws, customs, habits, language, and dress.
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Culture Material culture consists of the objects created in a given society. Buildings, art, tools, toys, print and broadcast media, and other tangible objects. Nonmaterial culture includes the norms, laws, customs, ideas, and beliefs of a group of people.
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Characteristics of Culture 1. Culture is shared . 2. Culture is learned . 3. Culture is taken for granted . 4. Culture is symbolic . 5. Culture varies across time and place.
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Culture Traditions A young girl awaits her quinceanera ceremony in Chiapas, Mexico.
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Culture Traditions A group of young women in the United States celebrate a friend’s 16th birthday.
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Beliefs Shared ideas people hold collectively within a culture. Beliefs are the basis for many of a culture’s norms and values. Beliefs orient people to the world by providing answers to otherwise imponderable questions about the meaning of life.
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Values Abstract standards in a society or group that define the ideal principles of what is desirable and morally correct. Values determine what is considered right and wrong, beautiful and ugly, good and bad. Values can provide rules for behavior, but can also be the source of conflict.
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Specific cultural expectations for how to behave in a given situation. A society without norms would be in chaos; with established norms, people know how to act, and social interactions are consistent, predictable, and learnable. Social sanctions are mechanisms of
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2009 for the course SOCIOLOGY 1010 taught by Professor Morresy during the Spring '09 term at Toledo.

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chapter2 - Chapter 2 Culture Views of the U.S. from Abroad...

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