chapter 5

Human Communication in Society (Book alone)

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Chapter 5 – Verbal Communication How people use Verbal Communication to accomplish various goals The Importance of Verbal Communication - It’s important because of the role it plays in identity and relationship development What is Verbal Communication? - refers to the written or oral words we exchange - it includes pronunciation or accent, the meanings of the words used, and a range of variations in the way people speak a language—depending on their regional backgrounds and other factors Functions of Language - a single utterance can function in a variety of ways - Instrumental – use of language to obtain what you need or desire; ex: invitation (most basic function of language) - Regulatory – use of language to control or regulate the behaviors of others (closely related to instrumental) ex: ask friends to bring something - Informative – use of language to communicate information or report facts; ex: date, time, address, information, etc - Heuristic – use of language to acquire knowledge and understanding - Interactional – use of language to establish and define social relationships; ex: maintain relationship - Personal Language – use of language to express individuality and personality - Imaginative – use of language to express oneself artistically or creatively, ex: drama, poetry, stores Components of Language (The 4 components that composed language use) Phonology: Sounds; the study of the sounds that compose individual languages and how those sounds communicate meaning - Basic sound units are called phonemes - Includes vowels, consonants, & diphthongs pairs of letters that operate as one, such as “th” - 24 consonant - 12 vowels - 8 diphthongs - Phonemes are sounds, not letters, so a given letter or combination of letters can be pronounced several ways - Each phoneme change results in different meaning Syntax: rules (The rules that govern word order) - people combine words consistently in ways that make sense and make communication possible 1
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Semantics: Meaning (the study of meaning) - important component of communication - Carries denotative meaning and connotative meaning
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