Chapter 8

Human Communication in Society (Book alone)

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Chapter 8—Communicating in Close Relationships Close Relationships and the Individual - Close relationships are a source of much happiness and serve as a significant context within which a person’s interactions take place - Close relationships are distinguished by their frequency, intensity, and diversity of contact as well as their level of intimacy, importance, and satisfaction Influences on Relationship Development - Proximity: how close you are to others - Proximity has a strong impact on your interactions and relationships. It provides the opportunity for you to notice others’ attractive qualities, learn about your similarities, and develop a relationship - Attractiveness : the appeal one person has for another, based on physical appearance, personalities, and/or behavior - Matching Hypothesis : tendency to develop relationships with people who are approximately as attractive as we are - Similarity: degree to which people share the same values, interests and background - Uncertainty reduction theory: a communication theory that argues much early interaction is dedicated to reducing uncertainty about others and determining if one wishes to interact with them again - Communication is the foundation on which all relationships are built Models of Relationship Development - Models that focus on the cognitive aspects typically analyze how committed relational partners feel or what terms they use to describe the relationship (friend, good friend, or best friend). - The behavioral models, naturally, focus on what people do or what behaviors they display as relationships move toward commitment - Stage models: (behavioral model) models of relationship development that view relationships as occurring in “stages” and that focus on what people do as relationships develop and decline - 5 steps that lead upward toward commitment: 1. Initiating : stage of romantic relational development in which both people behave so as to appear pleasant and likeable 2. Experimenting: in which both people seek to learn about each other 3. Intensifying: in which both people seek to increase intimacy and connectedness 4. Integrating: in which both people portray themselves as a couple 5. Bonding:
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