Cold War study guide.docx - The Cold War Superpower...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 25 pages.

The Cold War: Superpower tensions and rivalries General timeline of leaders in US and USSR—major areas of involvement General timeline of events Breakdown of the grand alliance and the emergence of superpower rivalry in Europe and Asia: · Basics of the WWII conferences and tensions between US/USSR at end of war o Casablanca—January 1943 o Cairo and Tehran—November 1943 o Yalta—February 1945 o Potsdam—August 1945 · Long Telegram · Iron Curtain Speech—Stalin’s response · Truman Doctrine · Marshall Plan · “The Sources of Soviet Conduct” · Berlin Blockade/Division of Germany · Nuclear Parity Super Power Relations—US, USSR, and China: · Outcome of the Chinese Civil War · Division of Korea/North invades South/Basics of the Korean War · Basics of Non-Align Movement · Cause and effect of uprisings in Poland and Hungary · Khrushchev’s Secret Speech · Berlin Crisis and Berlin Wall · Taiwan Strait Crises and Sino-Soviet Split (reasons beyond Taiwan) · Cuban Missile Crisis—cause, impact, significance · Lecture Notes on Czechoslovakia and Afghanistan · Test Ban Treaty/Non-Proliferation Treaty/SALT I · Peaceful-coexistence/Détente/Ostpolitik · US-Chinese rapprochement Confrontation and reconciliation—reasons for the end of the Cold War: · Gorbachev and the effect of his policies o Perestroika, glasnost, demokratizatsiya o Treatment of opposition o Foreign policy · End of the Berlin Wall · Hungary/Poland/Velvet Revolution
The Cold War: Superpower tensions and rivalries Breakdown of the grand alliance and the emergence of superpower rivalry in Europe and Asia: Basics of the WWII conferences and tensions between US/USSR at end of war Casablanca—January 1943 · January 1943: coordinate policies between United States (Roosevelt) and United Kingdom (Churchill) · Meeting held in Allied-occupied sector of North Africa · Shows confidence in beating Axis Powers · Finalized Allied strategic plans against Axis powers · Churchill wanted: · Attack on Greece and Yugoslavia in weak-point strategy (thought quick victory) --> Britain and American forces access to Eastern Europe (limit Red Army’s conquest) · Stalin wanted: · Balkans offensive= little to divide Axis troops · Liberation of France (inclusion of French forces in Conference) · July 1943: Allied invasion of Sicily (2nd front) · DId little to divert Nazi troops from eastern front · Stalin wanted US and UK to invade France (Nazi more concentrated) --> weaken them and take pressure off USSR troops · Outcome of Casablanca Conference · Advancement of the idea of unconditional surrender · Logical progression of Atlantic Charter and Declaration of United Nations Cairo and Tehran—November 1943 · November 1943: end of war and future of post-war world · Willingness for Grand Alliance to meet but… · Differing ideas and decisions of post WW11 · Churchill (pragmatism)= Percentage Agreement · October 1944: Churchill and Stalin in Moscow · future of eastern Europe · Divided Europe into sphere of influence by percentages ·

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture