Midterm 1 Study guide.docx - 1 What is Anthropology a The...

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1. What is Anthropology? a. The study of humans i. 4 kinds of Anth. 1. Physical Anth. (Forensics) 2. Cultural Anth. (Social) 3. Linguistics (Process of Human Communication) 4. Archaeology (The study of the human past though material remains) 2. What is Cultural Relativism? a. When we analyze culture out of its context. 3. What is Ethnocentrism? a. We tend to see our own culture as the standard. (everything outside of this is wrong). i. Holistic Perspective: Anthropologists look at multiple perspectives; looking at an issue more broadly b. Systems Thinking : Look at everything as a system (an approach to problem solving (balanced approach) c. Mechanistic Thinking: looking at a situation by breaking it down to understand it i. Ex. In medicine, you see a podiatrist for your feet. 4. What is an ethnography? a. the scientific description of the customs of individual peoples and cultures. 5. Subsistence Economies a. Redistribution: A person is in charge of getting resources and distributes them fairly and evenly. b. Reciprocity: Everyone in the group helps each other. Need based i. Does not work on a large scale population c. Market Exchange: Money for goods i. Barter: I will trade you nuts for fur. 6. Functions of Gift Giving (Reciprocity Continued) a. To maintain social ties b. To antagonize (show off or make someone feel bad) i. A potlatch is a gift giving aristocratic party (kwakuitl) 7. What is Capitalism? a. an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state . 8. Define Globalization a. Is the increasingly interconnected nature of social life. 9. What are the Silk Roads (200 BC- 1453 AD)? a. The trade routes were about 4,000 miles long b. Dynasty (Han) created silk (Zhan Qian) i. Conquest to Persia gave them horses which empowered China More.
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