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Soc 202 Ch 6 Outline

Soc 202 Ch 6 Outline - Instructors Manual 71 Chapter 6...

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_____________________________________________________________________________ _ Instructor’s Manual 71 Chapter 6 Sexuality and Society ______________________________________________ Detailed Outline I. Understanding Sexuality Sexuality is not just about “having sex” it is a theme found throughout society. In spite of its importance, few people really understand sexuality. A. Sex: A Biological Issue Sex refers to the biological distinction between females and males. B. Sex and the Body Primary sex characteristics refer to the organs used for reproduction, namely the genitals. Secondary sex characteristics are bodily differences, apart from the genitals, that distinguish biologically mature females and males. 1. Intersexual People The term intersexual people refers to people whose bodies (including genitals) have both female and male characteristics. An older term for intersexual people is hermaphrodite . 2. Transsexuals Transsexuals are people who feel they are one sex even though biologically they are the other. C. Sex: A Cultural Issue Like all dimensions of human behavior, sexuality is very much a cultural issue. 1. Cultural Variation Almost any sexual practice shows considerable variation from one society to another. D. The Incest Taboo One cultural universal is the incest taboo , a norm forbidding sexual relations or marriage between certain relatives. II. Sexual Attitudes in the United States The cultural orientation toward sex in the United States has been inconsistent. A. The Sexual Revolution Alfred Kinsey set the stage for the sexual revolution by publishing a study of sexuality in the United States in 1948. The sexual revolution came of age in the late 1960s when youth culture dominated public life and a new freedom about sexuality prevailed. The introduction of the birth control pill in 1960 both prevented pregnancy and made sex more convenient. B. The Sexual Counterrevolution
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_____________________________________________________________________________ _ 72 Ch. 6 · Sexuality and Society The sexual counterrevolution began in 1980 as a conservative call for a return to “family values” by which sexual freedom was to be replaced by sexual responsibility. C. Premarital Sex Although general public attitudes remain divided on premarital sex, this behavior is broadly accepted among young people.
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Soc 202 Ch 6 Outline - Instructors Manual 71 Chapter 6...

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