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Running head: A CASE STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF A DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY 1 A Case Study of Avery and the Effects of a Developmental Delay Capella University Case Intervention Analysis
A CASE STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF A DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY 2 Avery is showing tell-tale signs of a developmental delay or a possible learning disability. She is not interacting with her family or classmates and whines or cries when her parents show attention to her younger brother. Avery is not progressing at the normal rate at which most 3 year olds are progressing. She is falling behind in school, and not making pivotal connections with her teacher, classmates, or her family. Avery’s parents have reached out for help from her teacher and want to know the best course of action for Avery to succeed both at home and in the classroom. The average young child between the ages of 2 and 5 can be expected to follow a certain chain of developmental checkpoints. Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are two of the most influential theorists in the field of psychology. They have both developed theories on what aids or causes a child’s cognitive development and what factors are the most influential in a child’s ability to develop normally. Jean Piaget’s Constructivist Theory Jean Piaget’s theory states that children go through four stages of development when they are young; these stages are the sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational stage (Broderick and Blewitt, 2014, p.120-121). The two most important stages to consider when thinking about Avery are the sensorimotor and preoperational stages. The sensorimotor stage of development, Piaget believed that infants gain their first sense of understanding around ages 2 to 4 months old and the infant should express representational thought at around 8 months to 1 year old (Broderick and Blewitt, 2014). This is the age, for example, where the child should be able to search of an object that you have hidden. This stage is not where Avery is showing any delay as she has passed the sensorimotor stage in her development. Although, Pérez-Edgar et al. (2010) noted that infants who express low levels of
A CASE STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF A DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY 3 sustained attention can grow up to become toddlers with behavioral inhibition. This could have been the case for Avery. She is now showing behavioral inhibitions and that could very well be a result of her infancy levels of sustained attention. Avery should be in the preoperational stage of development according to her age. This stage is pivotal for development because the child is learning to understand another person’s perspective. Though, the child can only really focus on one thing at a time because they are not yet developed enough to be able to weigh out every aspect of a dilemma or situation. An example of this would be number conservation. A young child who is only 2 to 3 years old does not have the mental capability to hold all of the pertinent information about a situation in their head at the same time. When a researcher gives the numerical information and then rearranges that

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